Prevention of respiratory infections

How to prevent diseases in winter? This is one of the most frequently asked questions and the answer is very simple.

Small actions such as disinfecting our work and home areas, washing our hands frequently and covering our mouths when we go outside can reduce the risk of contracting an infection.

According to several doctors it is basic that if we are in closed places, we cover our mouth with a scarf, jacket or hand, because our natural defense system that we have in the nose -and that is formed by the hairs and nasal mucosa-, freezes, which does not allow it to work properly.

When this happens, it is not possible to control the passage of microbes, nor to heat the air so that it reaches the lungs at the right temperature, so this action is crucial to prevent diseases in winter.

Other basic tips we can mention are the following:

Avoid self-medication. Always go to a health professional to determine what is best for our case.

Eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin A and C, to strengthen the immune system. Some recommended fruits are oranges, grapefruit, strawberries, kiwi, and blackberries. As for vegetables, we recommend peppers, spinach, brussels sprouts, watercress, chard, among others. In general, it is recommended to opt for a healthier and more balanced diet.

Wash your hands frequently, especially after contact with sick people. You can always carry antibacterial gel or wet wipes with you.

Avoid going to crowded places if you have symptoms of a respiratory illness. This could cause you to end up infecting yourself or others.

Get plenty ofrest at night and drink plenty of fluids, especially plain water.

When going outside, cover your neck and chest well. This is to avoid a sudden change in temperature.

Exercise regularly. Regular physical activity boosts the immune system and also has the advantage of combating stress.

Ventilate the rooms. It is advisable to open the doors and windows of the house to promote air circulation, because the stagnation of air favours the proliferation of germs.

Avoid contact with the face. When blowing your nose or rubbing your eyes, always keep your hands clean and use tissues, as these are the main entry points for viruses and germs.

The body clean. It is necessary to bathe in the evening and never go to bed with wet hair. A clean body prevents the maintenance of viruses that may be in our body but have not yet entered it.

Avoid stress. As stress levels increase, the body’s defenses are lowered and the body becomes more prone to illness.

Vaccinations. Don’t forget to get vaccinated against the most common winter illnesses, such as AH1N1 and others.