How to detect depression?

We all go through bad days and this is normal. However, for some people, these types of days are constant and may cause more harm than others.

Many people may think that depression is the same as being sad, but it is not. The symptoms of depression are very different from the symptoms we may experience when we feel sad.

It is important to understand that depression, unlike sadness, requires medical treatment, because overlooking it can lead to tragic outcomes.

At the end of the year the incidence of this condition tends to increase, so we must be very attentive and know how to detect the signs that it may present. In most cases, the person does not receive any treatment because they may be unaware that they have this condition. Find out here what symptoms may occur:

– Anger and irritability

According to several psychiatrists, when depressed people report feeling agitated, tired or even aggressive, this may be caused by depression. Specialists point out that when anger is not resolved, it can lead to passive-aggressive attitudes. This behavior can be self-destructive and contribute to more depressive feelings. It is recommended that anyone experiencing aggression or hostility talk to someone to try to find a possible solution to their problems. Talking to a therapist can help with the negative feelings the person is going through and help them find constructive solutions to end the problems that are troubling them.

– Self-criticism

We all have an inner critic, who tends to judge every action we take. People with depression often pay a lot of attention to this inner critic of theirs, which can cause their self-destructive feelings to intensify. Excessive self-criticism can be a clear symptom of depression. In one study, it was found that people who tend to criticize themselves more often develop depression years later. It is important to know how to combat self-criticism with positive thoughts about ourselves.

– Lack of hope

One of the clearest symptoms of depression is a feeling of hopelessness. This can discourage people from coming forward for treatment. Those who suffer from extreme hopelessness may believe that they will never feel better, which explains why many choose suicide. Some professionals argue that sometimes not having any hope at all can lead to depression. Add to this self-criticism, and the condition can get seriously worse.

– Loss of interest

Losing interest in things that many don’t like, for example 3 hour work meetings is understandable. However, when you lose interest in things you usually enjoy , such as movies, sports, or time with friends, it can be a symptom of depression. This condition is known as anhedonia. A loss of interest can exacerbate feelings of isolation, which can increase depression. Anhedonia may be due to changes in the “reward” chemical levels in our brain, which are produced by hormones and neurotransmitters.

This lack of interest is a self-destructive cycle that can be very difficult to eradicate.

– Changes in weight

When you have severe depression, many people stop eating because they also lose interest in food. On the other hand, some people choose to overeat in the hope that their mood will improve. According to a 2003 study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, eating high-carbohydrate foods may promote the synthesis of the brain’s serotonin level, which is a chemical that gives us a feeling of happiness. If a person experiences drastic changes in weight and often loses interest in things he or she once enjoyed very much, it is necessary to see a doctor.

– Changes in sleep pattern

According to a 2008 study published in Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience , about three-quarters of people with depression suffer from insomnia. Frequent fears, anxiety and destructive thoughts can cause you to have trouble falling asleep. Some people take naps or increase their coffee intake to catch up on lost sleep, which can lead to more trouble getting to sleep. Lack of sleep only makes depression worse. According to the same study, 40% of adults who are more depressed tend to sleep longer. Sleep can be taken as a kind of escape for them.

– Fatigue

Depression can drain people’s energy. This is because the body of a person with depression acts as if it is under constant stress , which can cause inflammation and contribute to a feeling of extreme tiredness. Even if the person is unaware that they have depression, it will be common for them to often complain of a feeling of constant fatigue and physical tiredness.

Sometimes this tiredness can be accompanied by slurred speech, slow reaction times and gestures.

– Unexplained pain

Many times when depressed people seek medical attention, their biggest complaint is not the depression itself. If not pains in various parts of the body, the most common being in the stomach, joints and back. Serotonin neurotransmitters not only influence mood, but also biological and neural processes. Depression can affect how pain is perceived, most commonly any type of pain is amplified and causes negative attention focused on the pain they are feeling, which only makes the situation worse.