Do you already know which diseases can attack the nervous system?
These diseases are all those that directly affect the nervous system, spinal cord or other nerves and nerve extensions. This causes the nervous system to not be able to execute actions efficiently, which ends up causing the person to not be able to perform common activities.
Find out here what are the most common diseases that can attack the nervous system:
Strokes. This type of accident is one of the most common nowadays, as it is the third leading cause of death worldwide. When we mention them, we are not referring to just one type of disease, but to a group of diseases. Accidents can be any of the following :
Cerebral hemorrhage. It occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and kills the surrounding nerve cells by compression.
Stroke or ischemia. This occurs when the brain stops receiving a sufficient amount of oxygen. This can be caused by a thrombus (blood clot) or some other access that prevents oxygen from being properly transported.
In both cases, there is a very short period of time to determine if the person is suffering from either and to take immediate action. In some cases, the conditions do not take a person’s life. However, it is common that after having suffered any of these situations, the person loses some of their cognitive functions, due to the death or damage of a large number of neurons. The type of activities can range from talking, eating, or walking.
For both cases, there are several methods to determine if the person is suffering from one of these accidents. In another issue, we will let you know what these methods are.
Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is a disease that is classified as a dementia and is considered to be a very common situation in the elderly. This disease is progressive, usually beginning with the person forgetting small details, such as names and objects. As time goes by, the person will forget more things and become less independent, as cognitive functions deteriorate. As the disorder progresses, the person begins to have trouble articulating words, recognizing faces of familiar people, among other things. The culminating phase of this disease is when the person no longer speaks and it is recommended that he or she remain at home.
headache This is nothing less than the common headache that has come to bother us all on occasion. There are different degrees and types of headache.
Among the most common are the following :
Tension headache. It is the headache that appears when the person is under high levels of stress or when he/she has muscular problems.
Cluster or cluster headache. This type of pain occurs when the person has pain on only one side of the face, usually with tearing of one eye, congestion, drooping of the eyelid, and redness of the face.
Migraine. This condition is genetically based and occurs when inflammatory substances are released around the blood vessels and nerves in the head. Migraine episodes are stronger than headaches and usually last longer than headaches. Also, unlike a headache, migraine is aggravated by very loud lights and sounds. In the case of people who suffer from migraines, it is common to follow a treatment with a doctor to evaluate what is causing the migraine.
Epilepsy. Epilepsy is one of many brain conditions that occurs when brain cells send the wrong signals. In the most severe cases, the epileptic person may become unconscious, have seizures, incontinence or hallucinations. The origin of this condition can have multiple origins , including abnormal development of the nervous system, trauma to the skull, or brain tumors.
Brain tumor. Tumors of this type occur when there is an uncontrolled and abnormal growth of some material in the brain, the tumor can appear in any of the brain structures. Being in such a delicate area as the brain, it is vitally important that it be treated as soon as possible, as even benign (non-harmful) tumors can be life-threatening. This is because as the tumor grows, the pressure between the skull and brain increases, which can cause some brain structures to be deformed or even destroyed. Symptoms will depend on where the tumor is located.
Multiple sclerosis. It is caused by insufficient production of myelin (a substance that is responsible for the speed of nerve impulses). The severity of the symptoms will depend on how long the person has had the disease, but generally these are loss of balance, constant tiredness, visual and cognitive disturbances, slurred speech, tremors in various parts of the body. To date, no cure has been found for this disease, but progress is being made to control it and prevent the symptoms from worsening.
Meningitis. It is an infection that can be caused by either a virus or bacteria and affects the meninges or membranes that protect the nervous system, this ends up causing the entire nervous system to be compromised. The symptoms usually appear very quickly and these are: fever, photophobia (discomfort from light), nausea, severe headaches, alterations in mental state. When someone is suspected of having meningitis, the ideal is to intervene immediately, as it is a very aggressive infection.
Muscular dystrophy. It is characterized by muscle weakness , which is more common in men. Dystrophy causes the person to have insufficient strength in most of the muscles , which prevents necessary body actions, such as breathing or walking, from being performed. As the dystrophy progresses, the person will have greater difficulty moving his or her muscles.